Eric M. Tope is contributor at the International Security Observer. Eric holds a B.A. in History and an M.A. in Political Science with a focus on International Relations from Arizona State University, where he completed his master’s thesis, “Collective Action in Counterinsurgency”. He primarily writes on Middle Eastern security affairs including: terrorism, counterinsurgency and American foreign policy in the region. His work has also appeared in Counterterrorist Trends, Analysis and Foreign Policy Journal, Small Wars Journal and Think South Asia. Eric is a native English speaker, but is conversational in Spanish and Classical Arabic.